Les limites étroites de la démocratie européenne

PARIS – En 2009, la dernière fois que les Européens ont été appelés aux urnes pour élire leur parlement, tous semblaient exposés aux mêmes dangers : dans tous le pays, les gouvernements s’efforçaient de faire face aux conséquences de la crise mondiale qui avait éclaté en 2008. Cinq ans plus tard, à la veille de nouvelles élections au Parlement européen, la situation est bien différente.

En 2009, la nécessité commune était de secourir les banques en difficulté, de combattre la récession et de limiter la brusque hausse du chômage. Tout le monde était d'accord sur la stratégie à mettre en place : d’abord une relance économique, à laquelle devait ensuite succéder une consolidation budgétaire.

Il y avait bien sûr quelques différences d'un pays à l'autre, mais comparées aux défis communs, la plupart des observateurs les considéraient comme d'importance secondaire. Le chômage au sud de la zone euro était seulement un peu plus élevé qu'au nord et les ratios des dettes publiques par rapport au PIB semblaient être sur le chemin de la convergence.

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