托马斯·皮凯蒂的日本之旅

东京—托马斯·皮凯蒂(Thomas Piketty)的书《二十一世纪资本论》(Capital in the Twenty-First Century)出版半年来,在美国和欧洲引起了极大的反响,如今,它在日本也成了畅销书。但日本和西方发达国家之间的巨大差异意味着,与许多其他欧洲舶来品(export)一样,皮凯蒂的观点颇有些独特的特征。

皮凯蒂的主要主张是,发达国家不平等性加剧的主要原因是“先富”群体的财富积累。他们的财富积累来自持续超出GDP增长率的资本回报率。但是,日本的不平等程度要低于几乎其他所有发达国家。事实上,尽管日本早已成为工业强国,但常常被称为世界上最成功的共产主义国家。

日本对富人征收高额所得税(45%),遗产税率最近也被提高到55%。这意味着难以在代际之间积累资本——这一趋势正是皮凯蒂所认为的不平等性的重要来源。

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