日本的和谐衰落之路

巴黎——忘掉你所听说过的工作勤勉的日本工薪族:从20世纪初开始,日本人的工作习惯已经彻底松懈。实际上,东京大学经济学家林文夫已经证实,主要是日本人工作量的下降导致了20年的经济停滞。

政府在这方面做出了表率,它率先决定公共管理机构在每周六关门。日本的银行紧随其后。1988到1993年间,法定的每周工作时数缩短了10%,从44小时缩短至40小时。在这一改变和其他多种因素的综合作用下,终于致使日本长期持续的二战后经济“奇迹”后劲不足。

服务业的衰落尤甚于制造业,因为服务业管制严重,其中部分领域国外竞争无法进入。而在雇佣日本大量非技术工人的零售业——也就是所谓的“夫妻零售店”——日本人的生产率现在比西欧低25%。

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