Варианты развития событий в Японии

ТОКИО. Напряженные нынешние отношения между Китаем и Японией привели к возобновлению дискуссий о том, насколько сильно ухудшилось экономическое состояние Японии с момента ее триумфа в 1980-е годы. Сможет ли Япония достичь прежнего уровня, принимая во внимание, что причины экономического спада продолжают действовать?

Медленный экономический рост Японии на протяжении двух десятилетий связан с неправильной политикой, проводимой после кризиса, причиной которого был «лопнувший ценовой пузырь» на финансовых рынках в начале 1990-х годов. В 2010 г. размер экономики Китая превысил размер экономики Японии, хотя с точки зрения доходов на душу населения они составили всего одну шестую часть по сравнению с такими доходами в Японии. В 1988 г. в десятке ведущих компании мира по рыночной капитализации восемь компаний были японские, а сегодня в этой десятке японских компаний нет совсем.

Несмотря на недавние ошибки в осуществлении своей деятельности, Япония сохраняет значительные ресурсы. Она обладает третьей в мире по размеру национальной экономикой, сложным технологическим производством и самой оснащенной обычными вооружениями армией среди азиатских стран.

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