Japonské možnosti

TOKIO – Současná pnutí mezi Čínou a Japonskem oživila úvahy o tom, jak hluboko Japonsko kleslo od svých zlatých dob v 80. letech minulého století. Vzato v rozsahu, v jakém je tento pocit úpadku zakotven v realitě: může se Japonsko vzpamatovat?

Japonskou ekonomiku sužují už dvě desetiletí pomalého růstu v důsledku špatných politických rozhodnutí, která následovala po zhroucení tamní obrovské bubliny cen aktiv zkraje 90. let. V roce 2010 japonské hospodářství předběhla co do celkové velikosti čínská ekonomika, třebaže u velikosti v přepočtu na hlavu je jen šestinová. Z deseti společností s nejlepším postavením na světovém žebříčku podle tržní kapitalizace bylo v roce 1988 osm společností japonských; dnes ani jedna.

Navzdory současné žalostné výkonnosti si však Japonsko uchovává působivé mocenské zdroje. Patří mu třetí největší národní ekonomika na světě, důmyslná průmyslová odvětví a nejlépe vyzbrojené konvenční vojenské síly mezi asijskými zeměmi.

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