La crisis de liderazgo de Japón

OSAKA – Después de haber visto un nuevo primer ministro cada año durante cinco años consecutivos, Japón acaba de evitar por poco tener su tercer primer ministro en 2010. El primer ministro Naoto Kan ha sido elegido presidente del gobernante Partido Democrático de Japón (PDJ), sobreviviendo al desafío planteado por Ichiro Ozawa, el hombre más influyente y poderoso del PDJ en bambalinas. Si Nan hubiera sido derrotado por Ozawa, también habría perdido su mandato.

Dado que los legisladores del PDJ están divididos en partes iguales, se está atribuyendo la victoria de Kan al respaldo recibido de los miembros generales y asociados del partido. Su voto estuvo más en línea con las recientes encuestas de opinión pública, que mostraban un apoyo popular de siete a dos a favor de Kan por sobre Ozawa.

Hace apenas tres meses, Kan fue elegido como el líder principal del PDJ para restablecer la imagen pública del partido, que se había visto seriamente dañada por los escándalos de financiamiento político que involucraron a su antecesor como primer ministro, Yukio Hatoyama, y por otro escándalo que salpicó a Ozawa. El mal manejo que hizo Hatoyama de las relaciones de Japón con Estados Unidos, centrado en la reubicación de una base de Marines en Okinawa, también había afectado la postura del PDJ.

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