Финансовая беспечность Японии

ТОКИО. Когда японского министра финансов и заместителя премьер-министра Наото Кана спросили, читал ли он когда-нибудь учебник классической экономики Пола Самюэльсона, которую читал практически каждый студент-первокурсник экономического ВУЗа, он ответил: «Прочитал страниц 10». Конечно, ни один учебник не даст всех ответов, необходимых министру финансов в сегодняшнем послекризисном мире, в особенности для решения серьёзнейших проблем Японии. Но многие японцы были ошеломлены, когда узнали, что их министр финансов начал изучать основные принципы экономики лишь после вступления в должность.

Кан получил свою текущую должность в администрации премьер-министра Йукио Хатоямы в январе этого года. Большую часть своей карьеры являвшийся активистом по защите прав человека, Кан – один из немногих членов правительства Хатоямы, обладающих предыдущим опытом работы в кабинете министров, поскольку в 1996 г. он в течение 10 месяцев был министром здравоохранения и социального обеспечения. Агрессивный оратор, Кан часто считается кандидатом в преемники Хатоямы, если тот оставит свою должность, что, в принципе, реально, учитывая резкое падение рейтинга премьер-министра и его натянутые отношения с Ичиро Озавой, ключевой фигурой Демократической партии Японии (ДПЯ), к которой принадлежит и Хатояма.

Кан стал министром финансов, когда предыдущий министр Хирохиса Фудзии неожиданно ушёл в отставку, сославшись на плохое состояние здоровья. Но, едва вступив в должность, Кан сразу допустил ошибку, когда на своей первой пресс-конференции призвал к ослаблению йены. Хатояма немедленно раскритиковал данное заявление.

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