Reinterpretación de la Constitución Japonesa

TOKIO – Al aproximarse el 70° aniversario de la derrota de Japón en la Segunda Guerra Mundial ha habido muchos debates – y lamentos – sobre el resurgimiento de las fricciones históricas en Asia oriental. No obstante, las recientes tensiones en la región pueden reflejar en parte la falta de progreso en otra esfera, que ha quedado olvidada: la reforma constitucional japonesa. En efecto, a pesar de la impotencia que quedó tan claramente de manifiesto con la decapitación de dos rehenes japoneses a manos del Estado Islámico, Japón no ha adoptado una sola enmienda a la “constitución de la paz” que le impusieron las fuerzas estadounidenses de ocupación en 1947.

A primera vista esto podría no ser muy sorprendente. Después de todo, la constitución cumplía una función importante: al garantizar que Japón no sería una amenaza militar en el futuro, permitió al país acabar con la ocupación extranjera y dedicarse a la reconstrucción y la democratización. Pero consideremos lo siguiente: en 1949 Alemania adoptó una constitución aprobada por los aliados en circunstancias similares, a la que ha hecho docenas de enmiendas.

Además, mientras que la constitución de Alemania o Ley Básica autoriza el uso de la fuerza militar en defensa propia o como parte de un acuerdo de seguridad colectiva, la constitución japonesa estipula el abandono total y permanente de "la amenaza o el uso de la fuerza como medio para solucionar disputas internacionales". Japón es el único país del mundo que tiene esas restricciones, impuestas no solo para impedir una reactivación militar sino también para castigarlo por las políticas de su gobierno durante la guerra, y mantenerlas no es realista.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/q32sWGd/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now