balloons Tolga Akmen/ZumaPress

通货膨胀、美联储和大局

美国剑桥—通货膨胀——它的原因以及它与货币政策和金融危机的关系——是今年怀俄明州杰克森霍尔(Jackson Hole)央行行长和学者国际会议的主题。但是,尽管决策者渴望为潜在未来物价稳定风险做好准备之心可以理解,但他们并未把这些担忧置于最近全球层面通胀发展的环境(或置于历史角度)中考虑。

从有数据的189个国家看,2015年中位通胀水平正好不到2%,略低于2014年,也低于国际货币基金组织(IMF)在其4月的《世界经济展望》(World Economic Outlook)中的预测。下面的数据显示,目前近一半的国家(发达国家和新兴国家、大国和小国)通胀没有超过2%(大部分央行定义物价稳定的数字)。


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