unemployed young people Jasper Juinen | Getty Images

Tahle země není pro mladý

MILÁN – V posledních 20 letech se zhruba půl milionu Italů ve věku 18 až 39 let vystěhovalo do zahraničí, zejména do hospodářsky dynamičtějších zemí Evropské unie, jako jsou Německo, Francie a Velká Británie. A to jsou jen oficiální údaje; skutečná čísla jsou pravděpodobně mnohem vyšší, možná i více než dvojnásobná. Proč mladí Italové tolik touží odejít?

Z nedostatku politického zastoupení to není. Od roku 2013 se podíl poslanců mladších 40 let v italském parlamentu zvýšil z 7% na 13%. Itálie má dnes navíc jednu z nejmladších vlád ze všech rozvinutých zemí (pouze Francie je na tom lépe). A jednačtyřicetiletý premiér Matteo Renzi je nejmladším předsedou italské vlády v historii.

Přesto zůstávají mladí Italové hluboce nespokojení se stavem své země a s ekonomickými příležitostmi, které jim může nabídnout. Navzdory Renziho slibu, že zavede reformy s cílem omladit ekonomiku a instituce v zemi – na kteréžto platformě se dostal v roce 2014 k moci –, odešlo od té doby přibližně 90 000 Italů ve věku do 40 let.

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