PD Secretary Matteo Renzi speaks during the Italian Social Democratic Party PD National Assembly on December 15, 2013 in Milan, Italy Vittorio Zunino Celotto/Getty Images

Qué se juega en el referendo italiano

MILÁN – En los últimos 68 años, Italia celebró 17 elecciones generales y unos pocos referendos. Pero sólo tres de sus votaciones concitaron tanta atención internacional: en 1948, cuando la elección fue entre Occidente y el comunismo; en 1976, cuando los votantes tuvieron que tomar una decisión similar, entre la democracia cristiana y el “eurocomunismo” de Enrico Berlinguer; y ahora, con un inminente referendo sobre reformas constitucionales.

La próxima votación tiene profundas implicaciones. El primer ministro Matteo Renzi apostó su futuro político en el referendo, y prometió que dimitirá (aunque no de inmediato) si las reformas son rechazadas. Ese resultado también debilitaría irreparablemente a la coalición gobernante de centroizquierda: el Partido Democrático (PD) de Renzi ya está agitado por luchas internas en torno a las reformas, y es posible que termine dividido incluso si el referendo sale como espera el primer ministro.

Una derrota de Renzi se leería como una victoria de los dos principales partidos populistas de Italia: la Liga Norte y el (más grande) Movimiento Cinco Estrellas, liderado por el comediante Beppe Grillo. Aunque no son aliados, ambos partidos se nutren del mismo sentimiento antisistema y promueven “soluciones nacionales” a los problemas de Italia (comenzando con el regreso a la lira italiana).

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.