Italys Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte looks on during a confidence debate at the Senate ANDREAS SOLARO/AFP/Getty Images

当民粹主义结出恶果

罗马——为增强面对下一次经济冲击时的“适应性”,关于欧元的辩论往往包含着复杂的金融安排建议。但目前我们所看到的冲击却出现在政治领域。民粹主义正在整个欧盟日趋壮大,而意大利作为欧盟的创始成员国之一,现在正由一个由民粹主义五星运动(M5S)和民族主义联盟党组成的怀疑欧洲的执政联盟来进行管理。

就像反建制势力在七国集团或欧盟国家掌权时总会发生的那样,现在的问题是接下来将会发生什么,以及是否有回归正常的机会。就意大利的情况而言,现在还很难下定论。但与此同时,我们可以思考欧洲人在试图遏制民粹主义潮流时可以吸取哪些教训。

主要教训是除非欧洲国家全力合作,否则他们很难面对今天民粹民族主义和沙文主义的复兴。不幸的是,到目前为止,欧盟国家针对民粹主义威胁作出了与20世纪30年代以邻为壑的保护主义政策相类似的回应,每个国家都试图将问题推给其他国家,直到最终所有国家面对问题都无法继续逃避。

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