Klimatické změny v epicentru

OUAGADOUGOU – Burkina Faso se nachází v srdci Sahelu, což znamená, že z hlediska klimatických změn jde o jednu z nejzranitelnějších zemí světa. Její farmáři možná nevědí mnoho o fyzikálních příčinách globálního oteplování, ale znají jeho dopady – v neposlední řadě obrovskou proměnlivost dešťových srážek od sucha po záplavy, která vede ke ztrátám na úrodě, erozi pastvin a potravinovým krizím.

V důsledku toho získává už několik let na významu koncept trvale udržitelného zemědělství, a to jak mezinárodně, tak i v Burkině Faso. Tento termín figuruje v politické rozpravě a stal se klíčovým přístupem ke globálnímu zemědělskému rozvoji. Trvalá udržitelnost je dnes skutečně hnací silou v zemědělství – stejně důležitou, jako byla v předchozích desetiletích produktivita.

Koncept trvale udržitelného zemědělství je neodmyslitelně provázaný s konceptem trvale udržitelného rozvoje, jenž byl poprvé definován v roce 1987 jako model hospodářského růstu, který „naplňuje potřeby současnosti, aniž by narušil schopnost budoucích generací naplňovat své vlastní potřeby“.

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