Израиль накануне шестидесятилетия

Тель-Авив – Десять лет назад в 50-летнюю годовщину образования Израиля мирный процесс, начавшийся новаторскими соглашениями в Осло, достигнутыми властями Израиля и Палестины в 1993 г., установил законность национального существования двух народов на их совместной родине на основании территориального компромисса. Существовало общее мнение, что данный затянувшийся конфликт был разрешён.

К сожалению, последние десять лет свидетельствуют о болезненном спаде во многих областях. Люди и народы могут терпеть трудности, если у них есть предчувствие, что будущее станет лучше, а конфликты разрешатся. Но внезапный регресс может привести к отчаянию, которое мы и ощущаем сегодня.

Почему конфликты, значительно более сложные чем арабо-израильский конфликт, – апартеид в ЮАР, раздел Германии или распад Советского Союза – разрешились (причём, как правило, без кровопролития), в то время как ближневосточный конфликт спустя более чем столетие требует с каждым днём всё больше жертв?

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