Израиль и Палестина после Осло

РАМАЛЛА. 13 сентября 1993 г. Шимон Перес и Махмуд Аббас встретились на лужайке у Белого дома для подписания Декларации принципов между Израилем и ООП, или Соглашений в Осло. Лидер ООП (Организации освобождения Палестины) Ясир Арафат и израильский премьер-министр Ицхак Рабин закрепили тогда данное соглашение историческим рукопожатием.

Соглашения в Осло (ставшие результатом секретных переговоров, стимулировавшихся норвежским правительством и проводившихся в столице этой страны) призывали к пятилетнему переходному периоду, во время которого израильские вооруженные силы должны были выйти из Сектора Газа и из неуказанных областей Западного Берега, и было бы создано палестинское правительство. К соглашению прилагались заверяющие письма ООП и Израиля. Конечной целью, о которой, тем не менее, никогда явно не заявлялось, было создание палестинского государства примерно в границах 1967 г.

Но цели, указанные в Соглашениях в Осло, остались недостигнутыми. Соглашение едва ли переживет 89-летнего Переса и 77-летнего Аббаса, являющихся сегодня президентами Израиля и Палестинской автономии, соответственно. Ухудшению перспектив установления длительного мира способствовали несколько факторов.

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