Израиль и Америка на неправильной стороне истории

МЕЛЬБУРН. Незадолго до убийства премьер-министра Израиля Ицхака Рабина правым еврейским экстремистом в ноябре 1995 года я встретился с ним в Тель-Авиве. Я находился в Израиле с визитом в качестве министра иностранных дел Австралии, чтобы обсудить вопрос быстрого применения заключенных в Осло мирных договоренностей – вплоть до согласованного признания палестинской государственности. Я закончил свою речь, сказав, возможно, с несколько большей дерзостью, чем было уместно: «Но, конечно, я проповедую уже обращенным». Ответ Рабина отпечатался в моей памяти. Он выдержал паузу, затем сказал немного улыбаясь: «Заинтересованным, а не обращенным».

Несмотря на все его глубокие эмоциональные привязанности к идее Израиля, охватывающего всю историческую Иудею и Самарию, Рабин знал, что единственный способ обеспечить демократическое еврейское государство с жизнеспособными, безопасными границами, состоял в признании рядом с ним палестинского государства, равноценно безопасного и жизнеспособного. Им бы пришлось делить Иерусалим в качестве столицы, а также найти взаимоприемлемое решение чрезвычайно чувствительного вопроса возвращения палестинских беженцев.

Убийство Рабина стало катастрофой, от которой мирный процесс так и не оправился. Ни один израильский лидер с тех пор не показал ничего подобного на его дальновидность, приверженность и способность реализовывать согласованное решение о создании двух государств.

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