逆历史潮流而动的以色列和美国

墨尔本——1995年11月,以色列总理拉宾被犹太人极右翼分子刺杀前不久,我和他在特拉维夫会过一次面。当时我以澳大利亚外交部长的身份访问以色列,主要目的是讨论奥斯陆和平协议的快速实施问题,也就是讨论接受巴勒斯坦建国的问题。我如此总结我的观点(也许语气稍微显得重了些):“但是,很显然,我是在给信徒布道。”拉宾对此的回应使我永生铭记。他略作停顿,然后带着一丝微笑说:“给坚定教徒布道,不是信徒。”

拉宾根深蒂固地认定,以色列应该包括历史上朱迪亚和撒玛利亚的所有地区,他明白,为这个民主的犹太国家划定明确可行边境线的唯一办法是接受一个同一片土地上的巴勒斯坦邻居。它们将分享耶路撒冷作为首都,并在高度敏感的巴勒斯坦难民回国问题上寻找双方都能接受的解决办法。

拉宾遇刺是一场灾难,巴以和平进程从此停滞不前,再也没有取得任何进步。此后,没有一位以色列领导人表现出有如拉宾的远见卓识、鞠躬尽瘁和引导两国协商解决方案的能力。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/A8xttgL/zh;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.