Воинствующий исламизм и скептицизм в вакцинации

ЛОНДОН – Мы знаем, как искоренить полиомиелит. Действующая с 1980-х годов международная программа вакцинации под руководством Всемирной организации здравоохранения привела к почти полному исчезновению вируса полиомиелита. Болезнь, которая ежегодно убивала или парализовала полмиллиона людей на земле, поражает сегодня только несколько сот человек во всем мире.

Препятствие, стоящее сегодня на пути уничтожения вируса, не связано с медицинскими или техническими ограничениями, а вызвано политическим сопротивлением вакцинации. Действительно, несколько регионов, где вирус продолжает поражать определенную долю населения, имеют общие одинаковые характеристики. Начиная с 2012, года 95 % случаев заражения полиомиелитом происходят в пяти странах – Афганистане, Пакистане, Нигерии, Сомали и Сирии – и все эти страны затронуты исламистскими мятежами. Для того чтобы уничтожить полиомиелит, мы должны понять сущность этой закономерности.

Исламистская оппозиция программам вакцинации часто связывается с убеждением мусульман о том, что все вакцины – это заговор Запада для нанесения вреда мусульманам, и что эти вакцины стерилизуют детей, заражены СПИДом (ВИЧ) или содержат свинину. Однако важно отметить, что джихадисты в Сирии и Афганистане в основном поддержали кампании по вакцинации против полиомиелита. Если вирус должен быть побежден, мы должны выйти за рамки карикатур на исламистов, изображающих их как жестоких фанатиков-изуверов, настроенных против науки западного мира. Необходимо внимательно изучить конкретную политическую обстановку в тех случаях, когда деятельность по уничтожению вируса пока еще терпит неудачу.

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