Man watches bombing campaign Jodi Hilton/ZumaPress

الديمقراطية والمغزى المفقود

نيويورك ــ لعل اتخاذ القرار بهجر السلام والرخاء النسبيين إلى الحرب الوحشية وعدم الاستقرار يبدو منافياً للعقل. ولكن الشباب الذين ولِدوا ونشأوا في مجتمعات ديمقراطية يستسلمون بشكل متزايد لإغواء الجماعات المروجة للموت مثل تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية، فيتركون منازلهم وأسرهم لكي يشنوا حرباً جهادية في أماكن نائية. ولكن لماذا خسرت الديمقراطية ولاء هذه الأرواح التي لا تهدأ، وكيف يمكنها أن تعود إلى الاستيلاء على قلوب وعقول أولئك الذين قد يحذون حذوهم؟

ذات يوم كتب الفيلسوف فريدريك نيتشه "الإنسان يفضل أن يريد لا شيء على أن لا يريد أي شيء على الإطلاق". إن اليأس الكئيب الذي يبثه انعدام الحياة، والعجز، واليأس أقل جاذبية من القوة ــ حتى ولو وجِدَت هذه القوة في العنف، والموت، والدمار.

المسألة باختصار في المغزى. فوجود المغزى يحفزنا، ويربطنا ببعضنا البعض، وينظم حياتنا. وغيابه ــ في حالة فشل المثل والمؤسسات الديمقراطية في توفير شعور ملموس بالقدر الكافي بالوحدة والمغزى ــ يدفع الناس إلى البحث عن الشعور بالمعزى في مكان آخر، وهو ما يقودهم في بعض الأحيان إلى قضايا خبيثة.

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