Saudi Stock Exchange Fayez Nureldine/Getty Images

Memaksimalkan Keuangan Syariah demi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan

WASHINGTON, DC – Hampir sepertiga populasi dunia yang hidup dalam kemiskinan ekstrem berada di negara anggota Organisasi Kerja Sama Islam (OKI). Di 21 dari 57 negara anggota, kurang dari setengah penduduk bisa mengakses sanitasi yang memadai. Empat persen anak yang dilahirkan di negara-negara tersebut meninggal sebelum usia 5 tahun.

Sederhananya, walaupun memiliki potensi besar, banyak negara OKI kesulitan mewujudkan pembangunan berbasis luas (broad-based development). Bagi sebagian besar negara, “kutukan sumber daya” (resource curse) sedang menghantui; di negara-negara lainnya, kepemimpinan yang lemah dan lembaga gagal adalah kedua faktor yang dipersalahkan. Belum lagi fakta bahwa mayoritas (sekitar 71%) dari 125 juta penduduk yang dilanda konflik dan bencana alam berada di negara-negara OKI. Ketidakstabilan menciptakan tekanan besar pada anggaran negara.

Tapi negara-negara mempunyai pilihan. Terutama, modal yang sudah terkumpul di beberapa sistem keuangan di negara-negara OKI bisa berperan besar dalam pemenuhan tujuan-tujuan pembangunan – apalagi jika keuangan Islam/syariah diterapkan hingga mencapai potensi sepenuhnya.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now