Mosque in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

伊斯兰对伊斯兰的战斗

拉合尔——动荡一直困扰着多数穆斯林地区。叙利亚的残酷战争已经夺去了250,000人的生命、导致2100万民众近半数流离失所,并驱使百万难民赴欧洲寻求庇护。也门的胡塞部落已经起来反抗政府,现在正面临着以沙特为首的空袭行动。这些冲突反映出若干因素,其中最明显的莫过于伊斯兰逊尼和什叶两大教派、以及原教旨主义者和改革派之间的冲突。

叙利亚总统巴沙尔·阿萨德的阿拉维派政权拥有什叶派、尤其是伊朗的支持,因为伊朗的地区影响力取决于什叶派政权能否继续执政。而这也恰恰解释了为什么以沙特为首的逊尼派势力会致力于推翻阿萨德政府。反过来,也门政权为逊尼派主导并拥有沙特的支持,因此会去轰炸由伊朗支持的什叶派胡塞部落。不出所料,伊朗和沙特两国的紧张关系近来愈演愈烈,最终因为沙特处决颇具影响力的什叶派教士而达到中断外交关系的高潮。

上述冲突和阿富汗、伊拉克等其他地区国家动荡造成的混乱已导致某些真正卑劣的势力崛起,这样的势力应当首推伊斯兰国。该组织的影响力如此之大,以至于美国将军请求奥巴马总统批准增派部队参加反恐战斗。此外,有迹象表明美国可能推迟其军队撤出阿富汗,塔利班已在越来越残酷的反政府战斗中占据大片领土,并创造机会成就伊斯兰国。伊斯兰国也已渗入巴基斯坦。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/rd8sBBF/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.