Реформистская традиция Ислама

"Столкновение цивилизаций", предположительно, между Западом и Мусульманским миром, которое по мнению многих проявляется в Ираке, а также в росте насилия в Саудовской Аравии, на самом деле маскирует другие конфликты: разногласия, которые со временем, возможно, окажутся, намного более существенными. Одним из проявлений этой борьбы является борьба непосредственно среди самих мусульман за пути реформ внутри своего собственного общества.

Мусульманская реформистская традиция (поиск истинного пути, который связывает обычаи Ислама с современным миром) уходит своими корнями к середине XIX столетия. Тогда мусульманские мыслители противопоставляли упадок своего общества динамизму Европы, что наиболее болезненно ощущалось в свете европейских успехов в колонизации большей части мусульманского мира. Тогда же мусульманская интеллигенция сосредоточилась на "упадке" мусульманских обществ и разрушающей их политической и социальной коррупции.

Многие первые мусульманские реформисты были священослужителями или высокопоставленными бюрократами, которые на собственном опыте видели, как ослабевало их общество. И что еще более важно, они принадлежали к крошечному меньшинству, которое получило образование, основанное на письменном наследии Ислама. Совсем не ограничиваясь декламацией Корана, эти люди стремились участвовать в вековых обсуждениях надлежащего порядка мусульманской жизни мусульманскими учеными. Это воспитание позволило им сравнить ухудшевшееся состояние дел их времени с нормами и стремлениями более ранних поколений мыслителей и священослужителей.

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