伊斯兰世界被摈弃的复兴

孩子们常常玩一种游戏。大家围成圈坐好,其中一个向身旁的孩子说点悄悄话,然后对方再把听到的话转述给下一个孩子,以此类推,循环一周。当最后的孩子把听到的话转述给第一个孩子的时候,其内容已经和最初大相径庭。

伊斯兰教内似乎发生了类似的事情。先知穆罕默德建立了一个——且是唯一的一个——宗教。然而今天说不定有一千种宗教自称是伊斯兰教。

对教义的不同诠释使穆斯林成了一盘散沙,不再扮演他们曾经在世界上扮演的角色;相反,他们变得虚弱,饱受迫害。什叶派和逊尼派之间的分歧如此之大,相互指责对方的追随者是叛教者,是卡菲尔(Kafir,阿拉伯语,意为“异教徒”—译者)。他们坚持认为对方的宗教不是伊斯兰教,对方的信徒不是穆斯林。这样的看法促成了两败俱伤的战争,导致数百万人死去——而且死亡并未停止。

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