Muslim women in hijab Asim Bharwani/Flickr

Ислам, вера и изменение климата

АММАН – Исламская декларация об изменении климата, принятая в августе исламскими учёными, которые приехали из всех уголков мира, призывает государства планеты постепенно прекратить выбросы парниковых газов и полностью перейти на возобновляемые источники энергии. В мире проживают 1,6 млрд мусульман, поэтому данное коллективное заявление стало мощным сигналом накануне сентябрьского Саммита ООН по устойчивому развития и декабрьской Конференции ООН по изменению климата в Париже.

Декларация, опубликованная во время двухдневного симпозиума по вопросам ислама и изменения климата в Стамбуле, объясняет, почему мусульмане должны стать ответственными активистами, борющимися за благополучие планеты. В ней также содержится ряд требований к мировым лидерам и деловому сообществу.

Во-первых, декларация призывает политиков, ответственных за выработку всеобъемлющего климатического соглашения, которое должно быть утверждено в Париже, прийти к «справедливому и взаимообязывающему решению». В соглашении должны быть установлены четкие цели и определены способы контроля за их достижением. Кроме того, богатые, а также нефтедобывающие государства должны постепенно отказаться от выбросов углекислого газа (не позднее, чем к середине века) и прекратить зарабатывать «неэтичную прибыль за счет окружающей среды». Они должны инвестировать больше средств в «зеленую» экономику.

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