Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Mosque stratman2/Flickr

Revivir el Iluminismo del Islam

SEATTLE – En 1877, el gran novelista francés Víctor Hugo escribió: "Se puede resistir a la invasión de un ejército, pero no se puede resistir a la invasión de las ideas". Hoy en día, el poder de las ideas, para bien o para mal, es algo que debemos tener en cuenta, especialmente al contemplar el radicalismo islámico. Los recientes ataques terroristas en Francia, Kuwait y Túnez son sólo los últimos recordatorios de lo importante que es entender que, detrás de estas atrocidades, existen ideas serias, no simplemente criminales furiosos y frustrados.

Los movimientos jihadistas islámicos violentos no plantean un peligro existencial para Europa o Norteamérica. Ocasionalmente pueden perpetrar actos terroristas mortales, pero no tienen ninguna posibilidad de destruir o apropiarse de las sociedades occidentales. Los intentos motivados por el pánico de ingresar en países musulmanes y extirpar la amenaza han sido contraproducentes y sólo sirvieron para aumentar el poder de atracción del extremismo islámico.

La mayoría de los musulmanes rechazan las versiones más duras del Islam, pero muchos -si no la mayoría- sienten empatía por la idea de luchar contra los dictados de Occidente y regresar a la fe de sus fuerzas y glorias pasadas. Sería un error afirmar que sólo una pequeña minoría de musulmanes respaldan las acciones de los extremistas o que facciones fundamentalistas se han adueñado de una religión a la que no representan en absoluto. Los radicales islámicos gozan de suficiente respaldo como para ser una amenaza seria en su parte del mundo. Es importante entender cómo sucedió esto.

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