Имеет ли место моральный прогресс?

МЕЛЬБУРН – После века, ставшего свидетелем двух мировых войн, нацистского Холокоста, сталинского ГУЛАГа, полей смерти в Камбодже и более недавних зверств в Руанде и сегодня в Дарфуре, трудно согласиться с утверждением, что человечество прогрессирует в моральном отношении. Но ответ на этот вопрос определяется не только крайними случаями морального срыва.

В этом году исполняется 60 лет принятия Генеральной Ассамблеей ООН Всеобщей декларации прав человека. В ответ на преступления, совершенные во время Второй мировой войны, целью Декларации было гарантировать равные основные права всем людям, независимо от расы, цвета кожи, пола, языка, религии или иного статуса. Так что, может быть, о моральном прогрессе можно судить по нашим успехам в борьбе с расизмом и сексизмом.

Оценка реального прогресса в сокращении расизма и сексизма является непростой задачей. Тем не менее, последние опросы общественного мнения, проведенные WorldPublicOpinion.org, позволяют пролить некоторый свет на этот вопрос.

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