有一个新华盛顿共识吗?

剑桥-两年半前,世界银行高级官员来到诺贝尔奖获得者迈克尔·斯宾塞那里,请他领导一个高规格的有关经济增长的委员会。即将到来的这个问题比以前任何时候都要重要,“华盛顿共识”-有关发展中国家政策制定者可以做和不可以做的声名狼藉的清单-大部分已经不存在了,但是用什么来取代它呢?

斯宾塞不敢确定他是该工作的恰当人选。毕竟,他的研究集中在发达经济体的理论问题上;他曾经是商学院的院长;并且他在经济发展方面没有什么经验。但是该工作激起了他的兴趣, 并且他被从预期的委员会成员那里得到的热情和积极反应所鼓励。因此云集知名政策制定者的斯宾塞增长和发展委员会诞生了-该委员会包括另一位诺贝尔奖获得者-并于五月末发表了最后的报告。

斯宾塞报告代表了发展政策的一个分水岭-它涵盖的东西和遗漏的东西一样多。对自由化,放松监管,私有化和自由市场优点的自信的断言消失了。不考虑环境差别的千篇一律的政策建议也不见了。相反,斯宾塞报告采纳了承认我们的认识有局限性的方法,强调实用主义和渐进主义,并且鼓励政府进行试验。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/9Q6EE29/zh;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now