Опасна ли спекуляция продуктами питания

РИМ. В течение 2007-2008 годов цены на многие основные продукты питания значительно выросли, создав кризис продуктов питания для бедных и развивающихся стран. Например, цены на международном рынке на кукурузу, рис и пшеницу достигли своего самого высокого значения за последние 30 лет, вызывая экономическую и политическую нестабильность и приводя, во многих странах, к массовым беспорядкам, связанным с продуктами питания.

Несколько факторов вносят в кризис свою лепту, в том числе высокие цены на нефтепродукты, спрос на зерновые культуры со стороны производителей биотоплива, снижение мировых запасов продовольственных товаров и низкий уровень производства злаковых. Значительный экономический рост и экспансионистские монетарные политики оказывали дополнительное давление на растущий тренд, и кроме того, свой вклад внесли протекционистские меры, такие как ограничения на экспорт.

Несмотря на то, что указанные факторы, без сомнения, оказывают давление на цены на продукты питания в сторону их повышения, причиной резких скачков цен является не только их влияние. Некоторые аналитики полагают, что кризис усилился из-за спекулятивной торговли товарными фьючерсами, которые стали неотъемлемой частью рынков продовольственных товаров.

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