Japonský obrat k nacionalismu

TOKIO – Japonsko v poslední době hojně figuruje ve zprávách, a to kvůli sporu s Čínou o šest čtverečních kilometrů opuštěných ostrůvků ve Východočínském moři, jimž Japonsko říká Senkaku a Čína Tiao-jü-tchaj. Konkurenční nároky na ostrov sahají až do konce 19. století, avšak nedávné vzedmutí vášní, které vedlo k rozsáhlým protijaponským demonstracím v Číně, vypuklo letos v září, kdy japonská vláda odkoupila tři miniaturní ostrůvky od soukromého japonského vlastníka.

Premiér Jošihiko Noda prohlásil, že se rozhodl koupit ostrovy pro japonskou centrální vládu, aby zabránil tokijskému guvernérovi Šintaru Išiharovi v jejich nákupu z městských prostředků. Išihara, který mezitím odstoupil z úřadu, aby založil novou politickou stranu, je známý svými nacionalistickými provokacemi a Noda se obával, že se pokusí ostrovy obsadit nebo najít jiné způsoby jejich využití, aby vyprovokoval Čínu a „nahnal“ si v Japonsku podporu obyvatel. Vedoucí čínští představitelé však Nodovo vysvětlení nepřijali a interpretovali koupi ostrovů jako důkaz, že se Japonsko snaží porušit status quo.

Když Spojené státy vrátily v květnu 1972 prefekturu Okinawa Japonsku, týkal se převod i ostrovů Senkaku, které USA z Okinawy spravovaly. Jakmile Čína a Japonsko normalizovaly o několik měsíců později své poválečné vztahy, dotázal se japonský premiér Kakuei Tanaka čínského premiéra Čou En-laje na Senkaku a dostalo se mu odpovědi, že kdyby měl tento spor oddálit normalizaci, bude lepší přenechat celou záležitost budoucím generacím.

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