Les liquidités suffisent-elles ?

Chaque semaine, des liquidités sont injectées dans le système bancaire mondial par la Réserve fédérale des Etats-Unis et par la Banque centrale européenne. Le taux d’intérêt moyen payé pour les réserves au jour le jour aux Etats-Unis est largement en dessous des 5,25 % annuels que la Fed prétend avoir pour objectif.

Le marché des réserves au jour le jour semble désormais être divisé en trois segments. Les banques réputées saines peuvent emprunter à des taux beaucoup plus faibles que 5,25%, tandis que les banques confrontées à d’éventuels problèmes de liquidité – censées pouvoir emprunter à 5,25% – empruntent à la Fed elle-même à 5,75%. C’est le cas de quelques grosses banques qui souhaitent plus de liquidités mais ne pensent pas les obtenir sans perturber le marché.

Cette différence entre les taux pratiqués pour les « banques réglementées » sur les marchés financiers est le signe d’une rupture potentielle. Jusqu’ici, les suppléments sont faibles : pour un emprunt au jour le jour de 100 millions USD, même un simple écart d’un point de pourcentage du taux d’intérêt ne représente que 3000 USD. Cette situation montre qu’il est fort probable que le marché soit voué à une véritable crise financière, assortie de son lot de faillites, notamment bancaires. Cependant, en temps normal, ce type de supplément est totalement absent.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now