中国的经济过热了吗?

截至2005年第二季度末的财政年度,中国经济9.5%的年增长率都非常令人震惊,它也因此被视为世界的骄傲,成为全球发展中国家力量的源泉。但中国会不会乐极生悲呢?

2003年当选总统后,胡锦涛一再警告中国经济有过热的迹象,政府最近采取了相应的措施,于去年10月提高了利率,6月又开始征收新的国内销售税,7月批准了人民币升值。

但中国经济过热的说法似乎并不是以对通货膨胀的观察为依据的。尽管2004年7月结束的财政年度里中国的消费价格指数上涨了5.3%,但造成上涨的主要原因是食品价格居高不下,而无论此前还是此后,通货膨胀都小到可以忽略不计。

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