Китай обгоняет Америку?

КЕМБРИДЖ. Двадцать первый век является свидетелем возвращения Азии к тому, что следовало бы считать ее историческими пропорциями мирового населения и экономики. В 1800 году Азия составляла более половины мирового населения и производства. К 1900 году она составляла лишь 20% мирового производства ‑ не потому, что что-то плохое случилось в Азии, а скорее потому, что промышленная революция превратила Европу и Северную Америку в мастерскую мира.

Восстановление Азии началось с Японии, затем переместилось в Южную Корею и далее в Юго-Восточную Азию, начиная с Сингапура и Малайзии. Теперь восстановление ориентировано на Китай, и оно все больше втягивает Индию, поднимая во время этого процесса сотни миллионов людей из бедности.

Тем не менее, это изменение также вызывает опасения по поводу смещения властных отношений между государствами. В 2010 году Китай потеснил Японию, став второй по величине экономикой в мире. В действительности, инвестиционный банк Goldman Sachs ожидает, что общий объем китайской экономики превысит объем экономики Соединенных Штатов к 2027 году.

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