La Chine trompe-t-elle son monde ?

Tricherie ! Comment, déclarent les Etats-Unis, la Chine pourrait-elle vendre moins cher que les producteurs américains dans autant de domaines ?

Pendant des décennies, l'Amérique a paru dominer la fabrication de sorte que les représentants américains se sont axés sur la libéralisation du commerce pour les produits manufacturés. Ils n'ont consacré que peu d'efforts à l'instauration d'une certaine égalité pour les agriculteurs car ils savaient que l'Amérique ne pourrait pas rivaliser sur le plan agricole.

La Chine l'emporte désormais sur les autres pays, décrochant d'énormes surplus commerciaux auprès des Etats-Unis. Le ministre des Finances américain accuse ainsi la Chine de garder son taux de change délibérément bas et lui demande de laisser les tendances du marché déterminer la valeur du reminbi. L'économiste en chef du FMI, Ken Rogoff, qui quitte son poste, prévient que les surplus commerciaux menacent la stabilité mondiale.

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