Что плохого в «генетическом допинге»?

В последние годы Международный олимпийский комитет и другие спортивные организации беспокоятся по поводу возможного злоупотребления технологией передачи генов. Но спортивный мир, кажется, полон решимости эксплуатировать эту технологию в борьбе за золотые медали и чемпионские титулы, и генетическое тестирование может оказаться веянием будущего.

Две команды Австралийской футбольной лиги намекнули, что они изучают результаты тестов, которые могли бы указать на вероятный рост спортсмена, его выносливость, скорость и силу. Действительно, для одних «генетический допинг» теперь воплощает собой «Святой Грааль» повышения результативности, в то время как для других это означает конец спорта в том виде, каким мы его знаем.

Перспектива того, что в будущем состязаться между собой будут генетически измененные спортсмены, вызывает тревогу во всем спортивном мире. Одновременно этих спортсменов выставляют в виде нелюдей или каких-то мутантов. Это искаженное представление о том, как изменила бы людей передача генов, – если она когда-либо будет легализована, – как в терапевтическом, так и в нетерапевтическом смысле. Но опасение, что нечестные ученые будут использовать спортсменов в своих интересах – или что спортсмены будут стремиться записаться на эксперименты по передаче генов в попытке получить какую-то неуловимую прибавку к результативности – является совершенно реальным.

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