Druhá a poslední šance pro Irsko

Irští voliči se opět chystají hlasovat o smlouvě z Nice. Že už jste zapomněli, co za touto smlouvou vězí? Inu, jde o jeden z oněch až příliš častých kompromisů, k nimž dospějí hlavy států a vlád zemí EU, když se snaží prokousat se některými praktickými problémy a jiné odložit.

Kompromis dosažený v Nice před čtyřmi lety je důležitý proto, že kromě dalších ustanovení obsahuje veškeré formality rozdělení hlasů a podílu na moci mezi instituce EU, které musí být uvedeny do praxe dřív, než bude Unie moci přijmout nové členy. Rozšíření je nejdůležitější kapitolou evropské agendy a smlouva z Nice je jeho základním kamenem. Bez ní nebude možné uchazeče o členství vyzvat k přistoupení do Unie, jak bylo přislíbeno před deseti lety v Kodani.

Irové smlouvu z Nice odmítli minulý rok v referendu. Všechny instituce v zemi - její vláda, hlavní politické strany (včetně opozice), odbory a zaměstnavatelé - přijetí smlouvy podporovaly. Nikdo ze stoupenců přijetí ovšem nedokázal jasně říci, proč by lidé při hlasování měli říci ano. Jejich voliči tedy nakonec celou věc ignorovali. Smlouva byla zamítnuta 54% hlasů, ale k hlasovacím urnám se obtěžovalo pouhých 35% oprávněných voličů.

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