捍卫分裂的伊拉克

牛津—美国及其盟友正面临伊拉克的又一重大政策挑战。针对伊斯兰国的空袭也许将该集团的斗士们赶出了关键区域,但是,事实表明,需要派遣军队保卫和治理解放区。

因此,维持伊拉克安全需要强大的力量,因此,美国总统奥巴马的战略中包括了重建伊拉克军队。但这样做需要克服三个相关障碍:伊拉克领导人的军事经验、腐败和裙带,以及外部支持力度的不确定性。

当国家崩溃时,其组成部分有时会继承足以维持最低程度治理的武装力量。在国家因为武装冲突而分裂时,这种可能性更大,在这种情况中,稳定取决于最优秀的军事领导人能否就位。

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