伊拉克对基督教徒的集体迫害

世界上一直很担心伊拉克会陷入一场什叶派、逊尼派和库尔德人的内战中。但是在这场全面战争的阴影下,我们迫切面临的却是伊拉克的亚述基督教徒这样一个小群体将遭受毁灭的危险。

伊拉克的基督教徒群体是世界上最古老的基督教徒群体之一,他们几乎早在公元前就开始在美索不达米亚奉行他们的信仰了。比如,亚述基督教会教堂的建立就可以追述到公元前34前,圣彼得的时代。同样地,东亚述教堂建立于公元前33前,圣托马斯的时代。许多伊拉克基督教徒依然在说的阿拉姆语就是那些教徒以及基督所用的语言。

在被他们的穆斯林统治者相容的情况下,亚述基督教徒为他们所生活的社会作出了巨大的贡献。他们的学者把希腊和古叙利亚的重要作品翻译成了阿拉伯语从而帮助引导了“黄金时代”的阿拉伯人。然而在近代,这种相容已经很少存在了。1914-1918年的亚美尼亚种族灭绝期间,75万名亚述人——大约占到那个时候他们人口总数的三分之二——被奥斯曼土耳其人在库尔德人的帮助下杀害了。

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