hassan rouhani STR/AFP/Getty Images

Может ли иранская экономика утопить Рухани?

КЕМБРИДЖ (США) – Для страны с «управляемой демократией» президентские выборы в Иране отличаются заметной непредсказуемостью. И предстоящие выборы 19 мая не стали исключением: действующему президенту Хасану Рухани противостоит противник с жёсткими консервативными взглядами.

Его соперником является Эбрахим Раиси, высокопоставленный религиозный деятель, которого называют возможным преемником верховного лидера Ирана аятоллы Али Хаменеи. Избирательной кампании Раиси пошёл на пользу отказ от участия в выборах другого консервативного кандидата, Мохаммада-Багера Галибафа, мэра Тегерана, набравшего на выборах 2013 года на две три меньше голосов, чем Рухани.

Когда в 2013 году Рухани был избран президентом, инфляция в Иране достигала 35%, валюта страны не оправилась от девальвации на две трети, произошедшей годом ранее, развитию экономики мешали международные санкции. Объёмы экспорта нефти, как и производства автомобилей (а это ключевая отрасль иранской промышленности), сократились на две трети, а промышленные рабочие упорно требовали выплаты задолженностей по зарплатам.

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