El nuevo contendiente del Irán

WASHINGTON – La campaña presidencial del Irán acaba de ponerse más interesante, al lanzarse al ruedo el ex Primer Ministro Husein Mousavi y retirarse de él el ex Presidente Mohammad Jatamí. Esa novedad plantea el desafío más importante hasta ahora al Presidente Mahmoud Ahmadinejad... y una posible oportunidad para cambiar la relación entre el Irán y Occidente.

Muchos de los miembros de la minoría selecta iraní creen que Mousavi, quien considera que el Irán “no está en buena situación”, cuenta con las credenciales ideológicas y revolucionarias para oponerse a fundamentalistas islámicos como, por ejemplo, Ahmadinejad. Al mismo tiempo, está asociado con reformistas iraníes, partidarios de que el Irán aplique importantes cambios en su política exterior e interior para salvarse de la crisis económica y del aislamiento internacional.

Una presidencia de Mousavi podría propiciar políticas exteriores de las que formaran parte conversaciones con los Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea sobre varias cuestiones, incluido el programa nuclear del Irán. Sin embargo, Mousavi afrontará muchos obstáculos en los meses anteriores a la votación del 12 de junio y sólo tendrá éxito, si se lo permite el Dirigente Supremo, Ayatolá Ali Jamenei.

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