Иран: год спустя

ВАШИНГТОН. В этом месяце исполнится ровно год после спорных перевыборов неуступчивого иранского президента Махмуда Ахмадинеджада, которые спровоцировали крупнейшие беспорядки в стране со времён «исламской революции» 1979 г. Хотя режим постепенно смог жестоко подавить мощь оппозиционного «Зелёного движения», глубокие внутренние разногласия страны – как между политическими элитами, так и между правительством и обществом – далеки от исчезновения.

Среди многочисленных жертв тех выборов оказалась идея «исламской республики». Как выразился ныне покойный Великий Айатолла (духовный лидер) Али Монтазери, «жестокость этого режима к своему собственному народу сделала его «не-исламским и не-республиканским».

Ещё одной жертвой стала легитимность Верховного лидера Айатоллы Али Хаменеи. В течение двух десятилетий Хаменеи обманчиво культивировал образ беспристрастного и великодушного наставника, но его демонстративная поддержка Ахмадинеджада показала, что он является мелочным и фанатичным деспотом. Среди беспрецедентных лозунгов, звучавших во время уличных протестов прошлого лета, были оглушительные скандирования: «Хаменеи – убийца, его лидерство ‑ ничто!»

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