nest internet of things faz besharatian/Flickr

Переоценка Интернета Вещей

САН-ФРАНЦИСКО - Почти 30 лет назад, экономисты Роберт Солоу и Стивен Роуч вызвали переполох, когда они указали, что, несмотря на все миллиарды долларов вложенные в информационные технологии, не было никаких доказательств выигрыша в производительности. Компании покупали десятки миллионов компьютеров каждый год, и Microsoft как только стал публичной компанией, принес Биллу Гейтсу свой первый миллиард. И все же, то, что стало известным как парадокс производительности, национальные статистические данные показали, что не только рост производительности труда не ускоряется; на самом деле он замедляется. “Вы можете увидеть компьютерную эру всюду,” пошутил Солоу, “но в статистике производительности”.

Сегодня, мы, похоже, находимся в схожем историческом моменте с новой инновацией: столь раскрученный Интернет Вещей – подключение машин и объектов к цифровым сетям. Датчики, теги и другие подключенные устройства означают, что физический мир теперь может оцифровываться, отслеживаться, измеряться и оптимизироваться. Как прежде с компьютерами, возможности кажутся бесконечными, предсказания были экстравагантные - а данные еще не показывают рост производительности.

Год назад, исследовательская фирма Gartner поставила Интернет Вещей во главе своего Hype Cycle (Цикла Зрелости) развивающихся технологий.

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