coal pollution protest John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

O Ambiente Precisa de um Tribunal Penal Internacional

NAIROBI – O anúncio dos vencedores do Prémio Goldman Environmental deste ano constitui uma oportunidade para homenagear os líderes activistas. Além disso, é também o momento para reconhecer a coragem que é necessária na prossecução dos seus esforços (e dos esforços de muitos outros).

Quando a minha estimada amiga Berta Cáceres e eu ganhámos o prémio em 2015, Berta disse no seu discurso de agradecimento: "Dei a minha vida pelo serviço da mãe terra". Pouco tempo depois, Berta foi assassinada nas Honduras. A sua história é trágica, mas não é única. Na verdade, poucos meses depois, Isidro Baldenegro López, outro agraciado com o Prémio Goldman Environmental, foi abatido a tiro.

Nunca houve uma época tão perigosa para os activistas ambientais. Veja-se a violência desencadeada contra os defensores ambientais que protestavam contra o Dakota Access Pipeline nos EUA. A polícia foi acusada de usar força excessiva para tentar dispersar os membros da tribo sioux Standing Rock e os seus apoiantes, que argumentavam que o projecto iria contaminar a água e danificar locais de sepultamento sagrados.

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