coal pollution protest John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

Pour une Cour pénale internationale de l’environnement

NAIROBI – L’annonce des lauréats du prix Goldman pour l’environnement de cette année est l’occasion de saluer les militants écologiques. Mais c’est également le moment de souligner à quel point leurs efforts (et ceux de tant d’autres) nécessitent du courage.

Lorsque ma chère amie Berta Cáceres et moi-même avons reçu ce prix en 2015, Berta a dit dans son discours de remerciement, « J’ai consacré ma vie au service de Mère Nature ». Peu après, Berta était assassinée au Honduras. Son histoire est tragique, mais elle est loin d’être un cas isolé. En fait, quelques mois plus tard, Isidro Baldenegro López, un autre lauréat du prix Goldman pour l’environnement, était également tué par balles.

Il n’a jamais été plus dangereux d’être un militant de l’environnement. On peut notamment citer le cas des violences exercées à l’encontre des défenseurs de l’environnement manifestant contre le projet de pipeline Dakota Access aux États-Unis. Les forces de police ont été accusées d’avoir fait usage d’une force excessive pour tenter de disperser les membres de la tribu Sioux de Standing Rock et leurs partisans, pour qui ce projet menace de polluer la principale source d’eau de la réserve et d’endommager des sites funéraires sacrés.

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