pedestrian bridge in detroit Kenneth Raymond/Getty Images

Kontrolní mechanismy a pak silnice a mosty

WASHINGTON, DC – V prezidentských volbách v roce 2016 se Hillary Clintonová s Donaldem Trumpem shodli, že americká ekonomika trpí zanedbanou infrastrukturou, a oba vyzvali k vyšším investicím do renovace a zkvalitnění veřejného základního kapitálu země. Když nyní Trumpova administrativa připravuje svůj první rozpočtový náčrt, budou její iniciativy v této oblasti hlavním středem pozornosti.

Spojené státy nejsou osamocené. Ve zbytku světa jsou mezery v infrastruktuře ještě naléhavějším problémem. Také ostatní rozvinuté ekonomiky potřebují oživit skomírající investice a rozvíjející se ekonomiky se musí připravit na růst počtu obyvatel, vyšší spotřebu a vyšší poptávku po výdajích na dopravu.

Iniciativy zavedené po globální finanční krizi z roku 2008 začínají investice do infrastruktury podporovat. V Evropské unii si Junckerův plán – který čerpá fondy EU s cílem pomoci financovat riskantnější a inovativnější projekty – klade za cíl vygenerovat v letech 2016 až 2018 investice v hodnotě přes 300 miliard dolarů.

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