不平等横行

我们应当在多大程度上担心社会不平等呢?回答这个问题要求我们首先回答另一个问题,那就是,与什么相比?有何东西可以代替我们判断我们目睹的不平等程度呢?

佛罗里达在物质上是一个比古巴远远更为不平等的社会。但是,如果佛罗里达和古巴是我们的选择的话,那么,正确的分析办法并非是说佛罗里达贫富差距悬殊,而是古巴过于贫困。

在全球范围内,强调不平等是当今世界主要的政治经济问题是有困难的。至少对于我来说,很难设想在过去五十年中有什么其他政治制度或者经济政策可以将当今富有国家的财富主要部分转移到今天的穷国中。

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