Friends enjoying a conversation in a luxury environment Tempura/Getty Images


发自纽约 ——在全球范围内,令人警惕的高度经济不平等现象正在溢出到政治和社会层面。经济上的不安全感推动了中东暴力冲突以及欧洲一些国家(特别是匈牙利和波兰)法西斯分子的崛起。即便是在美国这样的老派民主国家,经济上的边缘化也导致了沙文主义和白人至上主义身份认同的强化以及阿片类药物泛滥等其他社会问题。

这些趋势已经持续了一段时间。但纽约城市大学的布兰科·米兰诺维奇(Branko Milanovic)指出,重大的转变其实发生在1988~2008年间。在这一“高度全球化”时期,世界上两个收入得以增加的群体是富国和穷国中最顶层的那1%富人,还有一些亚洲国家(中国,印度,印尼,泰国和越南)的中产阶级。同时世界银行显示,截至2013年,全球仍有7.66亿人——占全球人口的10%——仍然处于每天收入1.90美元的极端贫困线以下。


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