Nerovnost a její nespokojenci

Vedoucí světoví představitelé jsou podle všeho přesvědčeni, že umožníme-li přetrvávání nerovnosti a nezajistíme širokou účast občanů na hospodářském růstu, povede to k sociálním otřesům, ba dokonce k násilí. Je však nerovnost skutečným problémem?

Jak uvedl indický premiér Manmóhan Singh na Mezinárodní konferenci o kastách a menšinách, která se konala v prosinci v Dillí: „Ačkoliv možná růst snižuje absolutní chudobu, nerovnosti se mohou ještě vyhrotit. To může být z politického i sociálního hlediska extrémně destabilizující.“ Indie proto musí „podniknout kroky ke snížení sociální a hospodářské nerovnosti, aniž tím uškodí růstovému procesu a aniž omezí podněty stimulující jednotlivce k soutěživosti a tvořivosti“.

Rovněž brazilský prezident Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva na lednovém Světovém ekonomickém fóru v Davosu prohlásil: „V pokojném světě budeme žít za předpokladu hospodářského růstu, tvorby pracovních míst a přerozdělování příjmů.“ Da Silva poté naléhavě vyzval ke snížení bariér pro zemědělské vývozy, které pomůže chudým lidem v rozvojových zemích.

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