不平等和不满

在过去20年中,世界总体而言变得更为富有。但是,尽管某些国家的经济大幅增长,其他一些国家则大为落后。总体财富的增加并未消除甚至是减少贫困。

各国内部的情况也大体如此。全球化几乎在所有的地方既造就了一个新的百万富翁阶层,又产生了一个下层社会。在这个阶层中,人们不仅在收入的统计学含义上只有全国平均水平的一半,而且还被排斥在理应向全体公众开放的机会之外。全球化的推动力造福了许多人,但同时也增加了不平等。

这一定是一件坏事吗?许多人这样认为。实际上,各国都有平等主义的理念。人们不喜欢那些即使是经营失败也收入丰厚的工商领导人,而且他们讨厌看到周围有穷人和被社会排斥的人。

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