工业化的第二个黄金时代

华盛顿特区——经济学家巴里•艾肯格林说过:“目前金融的黄金时代已经终结”。如果这是事实——让我们希望这是——那接下来最有可能是工业化的新黄金时代。

从历史上来看,除几个石油出口经济体外,所有国家都是通过工业化才变富裕的。因此,现在应该把注意力全部集中到我们经济的实体行业上。面对笼罩在欧洲的全球金融危机阴霾,世界各地的政治领导人逐渐意识到了一个残酷的新现实:除非发达国家不再过度依赖金融交易并开始东山再起,否则他们将无法保持目前的生活水平。

国际社会不应该只关注欧元区和主权债务危机,还应该关注发展中国家实体行业的结构转型所带来的机遇。我所指的结构转型是各国通过这个过程在工业阶梯上往上爬——它们的劳动力进入附加值更高的制造业,这些制造业成为它们生产发展的源泉。

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