France chicken farm Fred Tanneau/Stringer

Растительное решение против голода

БЕРЛИН – То, как мы питаемся в индустриализированном мире нездорово, несправедливо и неустойчиво. Огромное количество мяса, которое мы потребляем, выпускается в сомнительных экологических, этических и социальных условиях. И сегодня наша промышленная модель по производству мяса экспортируется на глобальный юг – особенно в Индию и Китай – где среди развивающихся средних классов этих стран растет потребление мяса.

Во всем мире, ежегодно производится 300 миллионов тонн мяса, и по оценкам Продовольственной и сельскохозяйственной организации Объединенных Наций, если спрос продолжит расти нынешними темпами, к 2050 году годовое количество увеличится до 455 млн тонн. Такие большие объемы мяса могут быть произведены только в промышленных масштабах и при высоких социальных, политических и экологических затратах.

Производство мяса является чрезвычайно неэффективным использованием сельскохозяйственных земель, потому что для корма скота необходимо гораздо больше растительной пищи, чем нам было бы необходимо, чтобы прокормить себя, питаясь непосредственно пищей растительного происхождения. Например, производство одного килограмма куриного мяса, свинины или говядины требует 1.6, трех и восьми килограммов корма для животных, соответственно. Это стравливает фермеров и производителей кормов для животных друг против друга в жесткой конкуренции за землю.

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